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#12034115 Feb 05, 2016 at 04:26 PM · Edited over 6 years ago
326 Posts
#12034146 Feb 05, 2016 at 04:32 PM · Edited over 6 years ago
326 Posts
Diagram and Glossary of Armor Components


Couter (elbow cop) - Plate armor for the elbow.

Crest - Heraldic device attached to the top of the helm, made of horse hair.

Cuirass - breastplate and backplate, used to protect the front and back of the torso respectively.

Cuisse - armor to protect the thighs

Gauntlet - Armored gloves for the hands.

Gorget - Plate collar covering the neck and tops of the chest and shoulders.

Greave - Plate armor for the leg from the knee to ankle.

Helm (Barbute) - One-piece helmet with a Y-shaped face opening.

Pauldron - Armor for the shoulder extending at the front and rear to protect the armpit.

Poleyn (Knee Cop) - Plate armor for the knee, usually equipped with a side wing protecting the outside of the knee.

Rerebrace - Armor for the upper arm.

- plate armor for the foot.

Vambrace - armor used to protect the lower arm.


Arming Doublet - A padded defensive jacket worn under plate armor. Produced by a sewing technique called 'quilting' and usually constructed of linen or wool. Contains arming points for attaching plate, and gussets sewn in the elbows and armpits to protect areas not covered by plate.

Arming points
- reinforced places on a gambeson where plate armor is tied or laced on.

Cloak - A (mid-calf length) garment worn over armor to protect from cold, rain, and wind.

Goussets - Sections of mail covering parts of the body not protected by steel plates.

Hosen - Woolen pants that covered and protected the legs from the chaffing of plate armor.

Knight's Purse - A rectangular leather pouch, shorter than it is wide for ease on horseback. Used to contain the knight's personal effects. Attached to a belt or by leather or chain.

Tabard - A coat worn over the armor that is open at the sides and emblazoned with with rank and heraldry.

Under Clothes - Linen under-shirt and linen under-pants.

#12034661 Feb 05, 2016 at 07:21 PM · Edited over 6 years ago
326 Posts
How To Arm A Knight-Cavalier
A simple, step-by-step guide for putting on armor.

  1. Put on your under-clothes.
  2. Put on a hosen of wool.
  3. Put on a pair of shoes made of thick leather.
  4. Put on an arming doublet.
  5. Set the sabatons and tie them to the shoes.
  6. Put on the breeches of mail (if used).
  7. Then, put on the greaves, poleyn, and cuisses.
  8. Tie the cuisses to the arming doublet.
  9. Then, put on the cuirass and the gorget.
  10. And then, the vambraces and gauntlets.
  11. Then, put on the tabard and belt it securely.
  12. Hang a dagger (roundel) to your right side, and a sword to your left.
  13. Then, set a cloak to your back (if used).
  14. Finally, don your crested barbute and take up your shield.

#12034863 Feb 05, 2016 at 08:42 PM · Edited over 6 years ago
326 Posts
Weapons of a Knight-Cavalier
A guide on the common weapons and arms of a knight.

Arming Sword
Sometimes called a knight's or knightly sword, the arming sword is typically used with a shield or buckler. In some cases, a knight may choose not to employ his shield arm and is thus free to use that hand to grab or grapple opponents.

The arming sword is a light, versatile weapon capable of cut and thrust combat, and is of excellent balance. Though a variety of designs may fall under the designation of "arming sword," they are most commonly a single-handed, double-edged sword designed more for cutting than thrusting.

Typical blade length may vary regularly between 30 and 32 inches, though again there are sometimes variations in both these lengths, weight, and tip.

A knight wears his arming sword even when not in armor, and would be considered "undressed" for public without it.

A crossbow is a ranged weapon that shoots bolts or quarrels. It consists of a bow mounted on a stock (or tiller) with a meachnism to hold the drawn bow string.

The bow (called the "prod") of a Westridge Cavalier is usually light and composite, indicating that it is made from layers of material - often wood, horn and sinew - glued together and bound with tendon or is otherwise made of steel. The stings of a crossbow are made of strong fibers such as whipcord, though linen, hem, and sinew are also used.

The arrow-like projectiles of a crossbow are called bolts, and typically have three fetches. Bolts can be fitted with a variety of heads, some with a sickle-shaped head to cut rope or rigging; but the most common is a four-sided point called a quarrel.

Crossbows typically are not carried in battle, though some knights may choose to attach one to their saddle for a secondary weapon. All knights, however, are trained and practiced with the weapon, and often hone their skills in hunting or on the battlements.

A roundel dagger is a type of stiff-bladed dagger. It is worn at the waist and may be used as a utility tool, worn into battle as a side-arm. These blades are backup weapons to be used in hand-to-hand fighting as the last line of defense.

The steel blade is long and slim, measuring about 12 inches (30 cm) or longer, up to 20 inches (50 cm). The blade's tang runs through the handle, which is cylindrical and normally carved from wood or bod.

Roundels are principally designed for stabbing, either underarm or overarm with a reverse grip. It is an ideal weapon for puncturing chainmail but is unable to be forced directly through plate armor. However, they can be forced into the joints of plate armor and helmets.
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